Law Books

Space Law

International Space Law

Anja Cicle.png

Doctor in Space Law at the University of Cologne. 

She is a Business creator in charge of the European region for the Japanese company Axelspace. Between 2017 and 2020 she was the Project Manager for the European Space Agency (ESA)/Cologne University joint project: “ESA Convention Commentary”. Her tasks encompass scientific research, organization of the project milestones and supervision of the whole writing and reviewing process. From 2014 to 2016, she was an External Consultant of the European Space Policy Institute, Vienna, Austria.
From 2009 until 2014 she studied at the Law Faculty at the University of Vienna, where she specialized in international law with the main focus on International Space Law. Subsequently, she continued to conduct space legal research and participated as a speaker in several international Conferences and published various articles in esteemed journals and chapters in books.

Furthermore, she is the CEO and co-founder of the “Serbian Case for Space Foundation” in Belgrade, Serbia. This Foundation was established in October 2017 with the aim to engage Serbia in the space domain.


At the end of the course, the participants receive a


Certificate in International Space Law


Get your certificate at the end of the course!

One of the major non-technical challenges in the space sector today is the need for establishing a better comprehension of the normative framework that governs all space activities. It is often the case that space engineers and data scientists lack an understanding as to why certain technologies, although they might be available, could be difficult to implement and employ from a legal perspective. In other words, international space law regime is the one providing us with rules of the road in outer space.

International space law was created as a product of space race between the US and the USSR during the Cold War. At that time, it was recognized that there is an urgent need for an independent area of international law that will secure that outer space is used for peaceful purposes and that it does not become another area of conflict. This is how international space law came to existence. From the outset it was declared that space is the province of all mankind, a global common, and Space Treaties containing main legal principles were adopted in order to preserve it as such. 


However, 40 years later the space landscape is considerably different. Today, due to the unprecedented technological developments and lowering of costs necessary to conduct a space mission there are many new space actors - new space powers, new emerging space nations, as well as private actors. These new actors are challenging the established legal principles and they are posing numerous new legal questions, that need resolving in order to ensure the sustainability and preservation of outer space for future generations.

When:  7th August or 6 November 2021

Time:   18:00 to 20:00 CEST

Length: 2 Hours

Modes of Attendance: Online

Language: English

Registration Fee: 75 Euros

Program Overview:

The course International Space Law is a 2 hours course that focuses on the main legal principles governing the outer space activities, how they originated and what is the current status. Special focus will be given to the current, pressing legal questions surrounding new types of (planned) space missions and how outer space environment can be preserved for the generations to come. 

Program Details:



Ice-breaker interactive question(s)



1.1. Origin of international space law

1.2. United Nations and space activities 

1.3. Five Space Treaties



2.1. Province of all mankind

2.2. Freedom of exploration and utilization

2.3. Non-appropriation

2.4. Peaceful purposes

2.5. International responsibility and liability

2.6. Ownership

2.7. Due regard

3. Current legal trends and issues 


3.1. Development of soft law

3.2. National space legislations

3.3. Pressing legal questions

4 GROUP EXERCISE: Resolving a legal case in international space law


The participants are divided into groups and they will be given a made-up legal case that resembles real life issues in outer space . They will address the following:

- What legal principles have been breached and who is liable?

- In case of a normative breach, what course of legal action can be taken and who has the right to initiate it?


Why Choose the Course in International Space Law?

  • All space activities operate inside the legal framework and every space mission needs a lawyer

  • Participants acquire a complete overall knowledge about the topic as well as current pressing issues in the Space Sector.

  • Networking: You have the opportunity to network and learn from experts in the International Space Law domain.

  • Receive answers to your questions regarding legal surrounding your idea for a new space product or service

  • The course is open to all passionate individuals who wish to learn about International Space Law. No prerequisite is needed to register to the course.

Learning Objectives:

At the end of the course the Student will have:

- Learned about the international space law regime

- Learned about the main principles applicable to all outer space activities

- Understand the rights and obligations of private actors as well as of states

- Meet and establish contacts with other participants sharing the same passion: most of the technological and legal progress is born thanks to people meeting at several opportunities like this one and starting developing new ideas and solutions how to resolve critical issues.


Dr. Anja Nakarada Pecujlic